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Archaeological Museum under the Basilica of Saint Sofia


The Basilica of St. Sofia, located in the center of the main necropolis of the ancient city of Serdika, holds a rich historical and archaeological significance. The basilica is situated in an area densely populated with burial facilities dating from the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. Over 50 tombs have been discovered on the basilica’s territory, contributing to the understanding of the ancient city’s burial practices.

The necropolis museum features various artifacts, including three rings from the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, a reliquary of a Christian martyr, and a lacrimal. These items provide insights into the cultural and religious practices of the region during different historical periods.

Among the notable discoveries are exquisite mosaics adorning the interior of the holy abode. Craftsmen from the area adorned the basilica with intricate designs featuring geometric figures, plant motifs, peacocks, and crosses. These artistic elements add to the cultural richness of the site.

Archaeological excavations under the Basilica of St. Sofia began in the early 20th century, initiated by the Czech archaeologist Vaclav Dobruski. In 1911, archaeologist Prof. Bogdan Filov confirmed the site’s historical importance, establishing that it has been a center of events since the time of the Roman Empire.

Beneath the current Christian temple, the remains of three earlier churches are visible, with the first dating back to the early 14th century. This early construction occurred shortly after the official declaration of Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire. The layers of history beneath the Basilica of St. Sofia make it a fascinating archaeological site, offering a glimpse into the complex history of Serdika and its cultural evolution over the centuries.

Persons with reduced working capacity: Free
Pensioners: Free
Students: BGN 2.00
Adults: BGN 6.00

Work time:
May 1 – October 31:
Monday – Sunday:
10:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m.

November 1 – April 30:
Tuesday – Sunday:
10:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m.

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