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House Museum and Gallery “Andrei Nikolov”

Art & Culture

Andrey Nikolov (1878-1959) was a notable Bulgarian sculptor, and his life and work reflect a significant contribution to the cultural and artistic landscape of Bulgaria. Born in Vratsa, he began his artistic journey by attending the painting school in Sofia in 1896. Later, in 1903, he continued his studies at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he gained recognition and exhibited his sculptures at prestigious events like the annual Salon of French artists.

In 1914, Nikolov was seconded by the Ministry of Finance to Rome, where he spent the next 14 years creating some of his most famous works, including sculptures like “Child’s Dream,” “Creeping Child,” “Spirit and Matter,” “Cochara,” and “Longing,” as well as portraits of prominent figures. Notable portraits include those of Tsar Boris III, Alexander Stamboliyski, Alexander Malinov, Ivan Vazov, Elin Pelin, Krastyu Rakovski, and more.

Upon returning to Sofia, Andrey Nikolov became deeply involved in Bulgaria’s cultural life. He joined the Academy of Arts as a teacher in 1931 and was elected its rector in 1937. His contributions extended to the creation of several significant sculptures, including the bust-monuments of Lyuben Karavelov and Petko and Pencho Slaveykovi in the Boris garden. He also crafted the bronze lion in front of the Monument to the Unknown Warrior in Sofia.

Nikolov’s house-studio, known as the “Red House” and located on the central street “Lyuben Karavelov” in Sofia, became an iconic space for artistic creation. Designed by architect Ivan Vasiliev, the house featured studios not only for Nikolov but also for his colleagues to work. After Andrey Nikolov’s death, the “Red House” was donated to the Ministry of Culture by his heirs. Following extensive repairs and restoration, it was reopened in 2004 as a Center for Culture and Debates. The house serves as a venue for various cultural events, forums, and exhibitions, showcasing a permanent collection of Nikolov’s works for visitors to appreciate.

Work time:
Monday – Friday:
9:00 – 21:00


Sofia, 15 Lyuben Karavelov St

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