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Museum of Paleontology and Historical Geology


The Museum of Paleontology and Historical Geology, established in 1965, finds its home within the premises of Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski.” Although relatively lesser-known among tourists due to its unconventional location, the museum offers a fascinating journey into the past with its extensive collection of thousands of fossils. A standout feature is the life-size skeleton of a dinosaur belonging to the Deinotherium genus, making it a captivating destination for those intrigued by prehistoric life.

The Deinotherium skeleton is particularly noteworthy for its authenticity, with the majority of bones used in its restoration being genuine. These fossils were discovered near the village of Ezerovo in the Plovdiv region. The meticulous restoration process, led by Ph.D. Dr. Ivan Nikolov, spanned seven years, resulting in the impressive life-size representation of the ancient creature.

Measuring 7 meters in length and approximately 4 meters in height, the Deinotherium skeleton provides insights into the life of this middle-aged creature, estimated to be between 40 and 45 years old based on the wear of its teeth. The Deinotherium is a significant link between modern elephants and extinct mastodons, differing primarily in the size and orientation of their tusks. The species vanished approximately 11 thousand years ago, marking the end of the last “ice age” and securing its place among the largest mammals to have roamed the Earth.

Beyond the Deinotherium exhibit, the museum boasts a diverse collection of invertebrate fossils, rock specimens, and fossils. Additionally, it houses a unique compilation of geological maps, encompassing all maps related to the region. This collection stands as the sole one of its kind in Bulgaria, offering valuable insights into the geological history of the country.

In summary, the Museum of Paleontology and Historical Geology at Sofia University is a hidden gem, offering a blend of scientific discovery and historical exploration, making it a must-visit for those with an interest in Earth’s ancient past.

Work time:
Monday – Friday:
10:00 – 12:00; 13:00 – 16:00

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