The Serdika Amphitheater in Sofia holds significant historical and architectural importance. Here are key details about this ancient complex:
1. Location: Situated in the central part of Sofia, the Serdika Amphitheater is part of a complex that includes a Roman theater and an amphitheater.
2. Historical Period: The Roman theater dates back from the end of the 2nd to the beginning of the 3rd century, while the amphitheater is believed to date from the end of the 3rd to the beginning of the 4th century.
3. Scale and Significance: The amphitheater, in terms of arena size, approaches the scale of renowned structures like the Colosseum in Rome and the amphitheater in Verona.
4. Emperor Constantine’s Time: Coins found in the mortar suggest that the amphitheater underwent expansion and repairs during the time of Emperor Constantine the Great, approximately around 324-330.
5. Discovery: The remains of the amphitheater were discovered during the construction of the luxury hotel Arena di Serdica. The archaeological reconstruction of the facility was subsequently carried out in the basement of the hotel.
The Serdika Amphitheater stands as a testament to the rich history of the region and provides valuable insights into the architectural prowess of the ancient Roman period. The archaeological efforts to preserve and reconstruct this site contribute to the cultural heritage of Sofia.